4 Front-End Programming Languages to Learn Now

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Front-end programming languages are a relevant skill to learn for any number of roles — and that includes those in and out of tech.

While web developers, software engineers, and other types of programmers may use front-end programming languages on a daily basis, the same can be said for UX and UI designers, marketers, e-commerce managers, or someone who wants to create visual elements for any customer-facing assets.

So what does it mean for something to be front-end? What are the best front-end programming languages to learn and how should you go about learning them?

Let’s discuss.

What are front end programming languages?

The front end of software is aptly named as it’s the front part of the program — it’s what users interact with, whether it’s on a mobile app or a webpage. Users perform key actions through this interface like clicking, scrolling, or watching. The front end programming languages help the developer create different functionalities and sections of the website, while the user interacts with them when the program is complete.

The difference between front end and back end programming languages.

Back-end programming, on the other hand, uses a different set of languages to fulfill the requests of the user and take them where they want to go. Effectively, the back end brings the front end to life through languages like Ruby on Rails, Python, or SQL. 

Together, they create a seamless experience for the user. While full-stack developers tend to have working knowledge of both front-end and back-end languages, there are developers and engineers who specialize in one end or the other.

The 4 best front-end programming languages to learn

There are significant advantages to learning and working with front-end languages over others. Getting to the final end result doesn’t take as much time because development can go quickly. The response time for the user is fast, too.

Let’s go into the four best languages to learn for aspiring front-end developers.


HTML, or Hypertext Markup Language, refers to the language through which pages are created across the web. Most web pages have hyperlinks or links to other pages.

HTML is present web-wide. Every webpage has to have some form of HTML, and it’s essential for a browser to load elements and texts. It is, however, less reliable for displaying dynamic content and creating dynamic pages.

Not only is HTML easy to learn and use, it makes things easier for the user to interact with. Of all programming languages, front-end and back-end, it’s significantly less complex than others.


CSS works often in conjunction with HTML and other languages. It’s used to convert documents to a usable form for audiences, in a way that allows them to be delivered visually, such as on screens, printers, or projectors. As with HTML, it’s standardized across most web pages and browsers.

As such, it can be written one time and used multiple times over. That’s not to say, however, that it can be used across multiple different browsers, which can cause compatibility issues.


JavaScript is one of the most widely used and most popular programming languages for front-end and full-stack developers alike. It’s often referred to as “icing on the cake” because it takes those page elements and makes them even more dynamic. Anything that plays video, displays graphics, or uses interactivity in any way may use JavaScript.

JavaScript has incredible functionality that can create rich, user-friendly interfaces. Like CSS, though, it may not translate from browser to browser. 

JavaScript is one of the most in-demand skills for roles in tech, but can also be particularly useful for designers and people who work with customer-facing assets. 


Facebook actually created React as a way to help developers create user interfaces quickly. It may be used to create visual user interfaces and data rendering in browsers. React is simple, and those who know JavaScript can easily pick up React as well as it’s one of the largest JavaScript libraries for building front-end applications and content.

Where to learn front-end programming languages

If you want to get really serious about learning front-end programming languages and using them to get a career, coding bootcamps are the way to go.

You can also learn these languages entirely for free and use them to get a leg up in your career or to create portfolio projects with. Any good program will walk you through how to create those, and you’ll be able to showcase your front-end programming skills visually.

Want to learn where and when to get started? Click here to read about App Academy’s free and paid bootcamp solutions.

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Written by Dev App Academy

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