The names sound quite similar, and someone looking to switch careers might be interested in knowing which language is a more useful skill to acquire. Or, you might already be a programmer looking to enhance your skill set or get your latest project off the ground.
What is Java?
Compiled vs. Interpreted Code
In compiled programming languages, like Java, the instructions are assembled into bytecode on the server and executed directly by the target machine. A compiled program isn’t readable by a person; rather, it’s a machine language. And because not all machines speak the same language, compiled programming languages usually only work on the platform it was designed for.
Interpreted languages are portable, meaning they can run on different machines or platforms as long as they have the appropriate interpreter. They can, however, be slower than compiled programs.
Object-Oriented vs. Functional Programming
Java is an object-oriented programming language, meaning it’s tied to objects (data structures) that contain an instructional blueprint that dictates the object’s behavior. Each object has attributes (properties or features) and methods (procedures) that can be inherited from a particular template, commonly referred to as a “class.”
You can think of object-oriented programming the same way you think about vehicles. If a vehicle is the object, the make, model, and color are the attributes. Starting or turning off the engine, or turning the wheel to the left or the right, are some of the methods this object is programmed to execute.
You can also use the vehicle as a parent class to create other objects, like buses or trucks. You can also give the object certain variables, some of which can be altered by other objects (like a person damaging the vehicle) and some cannot (like the make of the vehicle).
Functional programming relies on the data being immutable, or unchangeable. Less data manipulation often leads to fewer bugs.
You’ll typically see Java used to build web and standalone applications like Netflix and Minecraft.
Is One Better Than the Other?
Advantages of Java
Learning Java can come with many perks. Some of these include:
- Object-oriented programming that lends itself to near-unlimited possibilities
- Adaptability across platforms
- Regular updates for stability
- Security management for reduced system vulnerabilities
- Multithreading support for more strategic CPU utilization
One of the most underrated aspects of any programming is community support. The Java community is massive, in part due to the popularity and tenure of the language. If you run into issues while you’re learning or using the language, you can turn to the community for help.
Disadvantages of Java
As useful as Java is for server-side projects, some developers run into issues with memory requirements. Not only can Java be memory-intensive, but this, in turn, can lead to increased costs as you may need to purchase more hardware to use it. Java isn’t known for its speed, so having adequate memory is key.
- Client-side, server-based data validation
- Redundancy reduction through performance of multiple tasks with a single thread
- Extensive selection of plugins and libraries for increased capabilities
Start Developing Your Programming Skills with App Academy
They each bring their own unique advantages, and they’re both valuable programming languages to know and use. Whichever you choose to learn, App Academy’s comprehensive curriculum can help you develop real-world programming competency to take your development knowledge and your career to the next level.
Start exploring our programs to see which one might be the best fit for you!